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hudson valley watershed

The Lower Hudson Watershed makes up about 40% of the larger Hudson/Mohawk River Basin which is one of the largest drainage areas on the eastern seaboard of the United States. The plant in East Fishkill had 16,300 workers at its peak in 1984, and had opened in 1941 originally as part of the war effort. South of that in Orange County is the United States Military Academy. The links below go to United States Geological Survey (USGS) web pages. [1] [89], A 30-mile (48 km) stretch on the east bank of the Hudson has been designated the Hudson River Historic District, a National Historic Landmark. [34] The term also continues to be used in names of facilities in the river's southern portion, such as the North River piers, North River Tunnels, and the North River Wastewater Treatment Plant. [32] The translated name North River was used in the New York metropolitan area up until the early 1900s, with limited use continuing into the present day. Commuting from Poughkeepsie to New York City also increased. Along this entire 153 mile reach the Hudson is … The Hudson River Watershed is the 13,390-square-mile land mass from which water drains into the Hudson River. [94], Along the east side of the river runs the Metro-North Railroad's Hudson Line, from Manhattan to Poughkeepsie. In saline regions, there are abundant polychaete annelids, amphipods, and some mollusks such as clams. [35], In 1939, the magazine Life described the river as "America's Rhine", comparing it to the 40-mile (64 km) stretch of the Rhine in Central and Western Europe. For example, GE participated in cleanup efforts to remove PCBs from the site of its old factory in Hudson Falls. [113][114] American eels also live in the river before reaching breeding age; for much of this stage they are known as glass eels because of the transparency of their bodies. [38], The lower Hudson River was inhabited by the Lenape,[38] while further north, the Wappingers lived from Manhattan Island up to Poughkeepsie. The completion of the canal made New York City one of the most vital ports in the nation, surpassing the Port of Philadelphia and ports in Massachusetts. Tidal waters influence the Hudson's … This layer presents a forest condition index for the Hudson River Estuary watershed and surrounding counties. South of the outlet of Sanford Lake, the Opalescent River flows into the Hudson. [23] As a result of the glaciation and the rising sea levels, the lower half of the river is now a tidal estuary that occupies the Hudson Fjord. Previously, Staten Island and Long Island were connected, preventing the Hudson River from terminating via the Narrows. Along this entire 153 mile reach the Hudson is actually a tidal estuary, rather than a river. [92], The Hudson River is navigable by large steamers up to Troy, and by ocean-faring vessels to the Port of Albany. [68] The combination of these canals made the Hudson River one of the most vital waterways for trade in the nation. [84], Around the time of the last factories' closing, environmental efforts to clean up the river progressed. Hudson Valley AmeriCorps ProgramBegin or update your SCA applicationProgram Dates:Jan – Nov (10 month)Number of members:45Application Review Begins:Sept (10 month)Created in 1999, the Hudson Valley AmeriCorps Program is dedicated to recognizing, preserving, and interpreting the nationally significant historical, cultural, and natural resources of New York’s Hudson Valley. They traded with both the Lenape to the south and the Mahicans to the north. The river is named Feldspar Brook until its confluence with the Opalescent River, and then is named the Opalescent River until the river reaches Calamity Brook, flowing south from the outlet of Henderson Lake. [56] The detailed and idealized paintings also typically depict a pastoral setting. [64][65] One of the most significant canals of this era was the Erie Canal. The Dawn of the Hudson River School", "How the Delaware & Hudson Canal Fueled the Valley", "The Hudson River Railroad and the Development of Irvington, New York, 1849,1860", "Spanning the decades: A look at the history of New York City's tunnels and bridges", "Hudson Valley Bridges: Crossings and Spans Over the Hudson River", "A Colossal Bridge Will Rise Across the Hudson", "Auto Plant Closes and Developers See Opportunity; North Tarrytown Focuses on its Future Instead of the Past", "G.E. The river then takes in the Sacandaga River from the Great Sacandaga Lake. Between the hills and glacial moraine, Putnam County's valleys contain numerous wetlands (including part of the Great Swamp), creeks, ponds, lakes (including the 583 acre Lake Mahopac, and reservoirs. The British attacked on October 5, 1777 in the Battle of Forts Clinton and Montgomery by sailing up the Hudson River, looting the village of Peekskill and capturing the two forts. Mission The mission of the Hudson River Valley Watershed Alliance (The Alliance) is to protect, conserve and restore the water resources of the Hudson River basin through collaborative outreach, education, networking, science, information sharing and technical assistance by and for … [19], The Hudson River estuary is the site of wetlands from New York City all the way up to Troy. [19], Parts of the Hudson River form coves, such as Weehawken Cove in the towns of Hoboken and Weehawken in New Jersey. These names include, from south to north: the Great Chip Reach, Tappan Reach, Haverstroo Reach, Seylmakers' Reach, Crescent or Cook's Reach, Hoge's or High Reach, Martyr's or Martelaire Reach, Fisher's Reach, Lange Rack or Long Reach, Vasterack or Vaste Reach, Kleverack or Claverack, Backerack or Baker's Reach, Jan Playsier's Reach, and Hart's or Hunter's Reach. After its confluence with the Indian River, the Hudson forms the boundary between Essex and Hamilton counties. Within freshwater regions, there are animal species including larvae of chironomid flies, oligochaete worms, predatory fly larvae, and amphipods. The Delaware and Hudson Canal meets the river at this point. The rising sea levels after the retreat of the Wisconsin glaciation, the most recent ice age, have resulted in a marine incursion that drowned the coastal plain and brought salt water well above the mouth of the river. The water chestnut produces a vegetative mat that reduces oxygen content in the water below, enhances sedimentation, impedes small vessel navigation, and is a hazard to swimmers and walkers. Interstate 90 crosses the Hudson into Albany at this point in the river. These species burrow in the sediment and accelerate the breakdown of organic matter. IBM maintained a Poughkeepsie mainframe unit, and newer housing and office developments were built near there as well. A group of fishermen formed an organization in 1966 that would later become Riverkeeper, the first member of the Waterkeeper Alliance. The watershed lies primarily in New York State River but also drains a portion of southwestern Vermont and a small part of Massachusetts. 20 talking about this. [52] Later that year, the British and Continental Armies were involved in skirmishes and battles in rivertowns of the Hudson in Westchester County, culminating in the Battle of White Plains. It lies in the United States with 93% in New York State, 3% in Massachusetts, 2% in New Jersey and 1% in Connecticut. [22]:11 The original Erie Canal, opened in 1825 to connect the Hudson with Lake Erie, emptied into the Hudson at the Albany Basin, just 3 miles (4.8 km) south of the Federal Dam in Troy (at mile 134). Watershed Map Click here to Download Map as PDF. [29], The first known European name for the river was the Rio San Antonio as named by the Portuguese explorer in Spain's employ, Estêvão Gomes, who explored the Mid-Atlantic coast in 1525. Extending several hundred miles north from Manhattan Island, touching five states, the region includes nine counties, 13 cities and over 200 villages and towns, and its watershed covers over 13,000 square miles. [30] Another early name for the Hudson used by the Dutch was Rio de Montaigne. South of the confluence of the Hudson and Spuyten Duyvil Creek, the east bank of the river becomes Manhattan. Use the Hudson Valley Farmland Finder! [108] Other kinds of pollution, including mercury contamination and discharges of partially-treated sewage, have also caused problems. In saltwater areas, the green crab spread in the early 20th century and the Japanese shore crab has become dominant in recent years. [69](pp71–2) With industrialization came new technologies for transport, including steamboats for faster transport. The Hudson then leaves the Capital District, forming the boundary between Greene and Columbia Counties. Another pedestrian and bike path exists further north, between Dutchess and Ulster Counties: Walkway Over the Hudson, which has a one-way length of 1.2 miles. The zebra mussel arrived in the Hudson in 1989 and has spread through the river's freshwater region, reducing photoplankton and river oxygen levels. The Delaware Tribe of Indians (Bartlesville, Oklahoma) considers the closely related Mohicans to be a part of the Lenape people,[28] and so the Lenape also claim the Hudson as part of their ancestral territory, also calling it Muhheakantuck. [10] At an elevation of 2 feet (0.61 m), the bottom of the dam marks the beginning of the tidal influence in the Hudson as well as the beginning of the lower Hudson River. "Santanoni Peak, NY" 1:25,000 Topographic Quadrangle, 1999, History of the County of Hudson, Charles H. Winfield, 1874, p. 1-2, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site, Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve, National Estuarine Research Reserve System, List of fixed crossings of the Hudson River, List of ferries across the Hudson River to New York City, Marine life of New York–New Jersey Harbor Estuary, Geography of New York–New Jersey Harbor Estuary, List of ferries across the Hudson River in New York City, "Estimates of monthly and annual net discharge, in cubic feet per second, of Hudson River at New York, N.Y.", "Feature Detail Report for: Hudson River", "National Water Quality Assessment Program – The Hudson River Basin", "A Hike to the Source of the Hudson River", "Station 1A: The Source of the Hudson ~ Lake Tear of the Clouds", "Town of Newcomb, Essex County: Historic Tahawus Tract", "Finding the Sources of the Hudson near Upper Works", "Paddling the Upper Hudson and Opalescent Rivers", "Lake Tear of the Clouds – Source of the Hudson River", "Waterfront park/walkway connects Hoboken to Weehawken", New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, "Full text of "Aboriginal place names of New York, "The River's Meaning to Indians, Before and After Hudson", "Some Credit for Henry Hudson, Found in a 280-Year-Old Map", "The Hudson River: Autumn Peace Broods over America's Rhine", "The Lenapes: A study of Hudson Valley Indians", "350 Years Ago, New Amsterdam Became New York. [58], At the beginning of the 19th century, transportation from the US east coast into the mainland was difficult. The Lower Hudson Watershed makes up about 40% of the larger Hudson/Mohawk River Basin which is one of the largest drainage areas on the eastern seaboard of the United States. South of the Battery, the river proper ends, meeting the East River to form Upper New York Bay, also known as New York Harbor. [41][43] New Amsterdam and the colony of New Netherland were renamed New York, after the Duke of York. This canal enabled the transportation of coal, and later other goods as well, between the Delaware and Hudson River watersheds. The river's population of shortnose sturgeon have quadrupled since the 1970s, and are also off limits to all fishing as they are a federally endangered species. [10] The river is sometimes still called the North River at this point. [67] Farther south, the Delaware and Hudson Canal was built between the Delaware River at Honesdale, Pennsylvania, and the Hudson River at Kingston, New York. York City and Hudson Valley residents. The Hudson River is a 315-mile (507 km) river that flows from north to south primarily through eastern New York in the United States. It is believed that the first use of the name Hudson River in a map was in a map created by the cartographer John Carwitham in 1740. [115], The Atlantic sturgeon, a species about 120 million years old, enter the estuary during their annual migrations. Based on true events, this haunting historical drama is a suspenseful and timely reminder of the power of facts…and fiction. Wetlands are expected to migrate upland as sea level (and thus the level of the river) rises. The Lower Hudson Watershed extends from the Battery at the southern end of Manhattan to the Troy Dam at the confluence of the Mohawk River. This was especially important by New York City, as the river is fairly wide at that point. The lower half of the river is a tidal estuary, deeper than the body of water into which it flows, occupying the Hudson Fjord, an inlet which formed during the most recent period of North American glaciation, estimated at 26,000 to 13,300 years ago. Positively, the mussel clears suspended particles, allowing for more light to aquatic vegetation. [90] The Palisades Interstate Park Commission protects the Palisades on the west bank of the river. [33] The term persists in radio communication among commercial shipping traffic, especially below the Tappan Zee. The River links to the Erie Canal and Great Lakes, allowing manufacturing in the Midwest, including automobiles in Detroit, to use the river for transport. Smaller parts of New York (Manhattan), Bronx, Rockland, Sullivan, Schoharie and Schenectady Counties. [55], Hudson River School paintings reflect the themes of discovery, exploration, and settlement in America in the mid-19th century. [60] Their reverence for America's natural beauty was shared with contemporary American writers such as Henry David Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson. Visit the Hudson Valley Farmland Finder site to find a farm or farmer, learn of upcoming events, and more! [25], Suspended sediments, mainly consisting of clays eroded from glacial deposits and organic particles, can be found in abundance in the river. Most of Westchester, Putnam, Orange, Ulster, Columbia and Albany Counties, Much of western and central Dutchess, eastern Greene, and southern Rensselaer Counties, and. These include the Battle of Long Island, in August 1776[51] and the Battle of Harlem Heights the following month. The Hudson River was designated as an American Heritage River in 1997. At that time, the Hudson River emptied into the Atlantic Ocean through a more westerly course through parts of present-day northern New Jersey, along the eastern side of the Watchung Mountains to Bound Brook, New Jersey and then on into the Atlantic Ocean via Raritan Bay. It flows between Newburgh and Beacon and under the Newburgh Beacon Bridge, taking in the Fishkill Creek. [19], Strong tides make parts of New York Harbor difficult and dangerous to navigate. The source of the Hudson River is Lake Tear of the Clouds in the Adirondack Park at an altitude of 4,322 feet (1,317 m). At this point the river forms the boundary between Washington and Saratoga Counties. At the state line with New Jersey the west bank of the Hudson enters Bergen County. His travel up the ever-widening river led him to Haverstraw Bay, leading him to believe he had successfully reached the Northwest Passage. The river narrows considerably here before flowing under the Bear Mountain Bridge, which connects Westchester and Rockland Counties. [43], Under British colonial rule, the Hudson Valley became an agricultural hub. In the hamlet of North River, the Hudson flows entirely in Warren County and takes in the Schroon River. This article is about the river in New York and New Jersey. Atlantic blue crabs are among the larger invertebrates, at the northern limit of their range. Many of these have had significant effects on the ecosystem and natural habitats. We want to keep everyone as safe as possible, while we continue to unite and empower communities to protect local water resources. The canal enabled shipping between cities on the Great Lakes and Europe via the Atlantic Ocean. Visit the mapper page on the DEC website to learn about recent additions and recommendations for use, view an instructional webinar, and download a fact sheet about the mapper.. In the nineteenth century, the area inspired the Hudson River School of landscape painting, an American pastoral style, as well as the concepts of environmentalism and wilderness. Helpful Links. Forest patches >100 acres were identified using national land cover data and condition was estimated based on metrics relating to fragmentation, ecological value, stressors, and ecosystem services. [19], The salt line of the river varies from the north in Poughkeepsie to the south at Battery Park in New York City, though it usually lies near Newburgh. [22]:10, The area around Hudson River was inhabited by indigenous peoples ages before Europeans arrived. Major tributary watersheds to the Hudson River Estuary (excluding the Upper Hudson and Mohawk Watersheds): Lakes, Ponds and Reservoirs: 324 significant freshwater lakes, ponds, and reservoirs (37,676 acres): Estuary Waters: 78,322 acres of estuary along the entire 153 mile length of the Lower Hudson. 203 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from ‘hudsonvalleywatershed’ hashtag ", "New York State Museum – "Swim for the River, "The Hudson River National Historic Landmark District", "Designation of American Heritage Rivers", "Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve", "Jersey-bound train sideswipes cars in derailment at Selkirk yard", "North Bergen, NJ << View locations served", "Fullfilment of the Remarkable Prophecies Relating to the Development of Railroad Transportation", "Hudson River PCBs – Background and Site Information", United States Environmental Protection Agency, "Movement afoot to name bridge after Pete Seeger", "Hudson River Estuary Program: Cleaning the river: Improving water quality", "Hudson River Watershed Fish Fauna Check List", "Outdoors; Striped Bass and the Big City", "Fish Evolved to Survive GE Toxins in Hudson River", "As sea level rises, Hudson River wetlands may expand", "Frequently Asked Questions About Directions: Directions to Statue Cruises", "How a Hudson Highlands Mountain Shaped Tussles Over Energy and the Environment", "Protecting Hudson River headwaters in the High Peaks", "Hudson River & Tributaries Region Fish Advisories", "Hudson River: Health Advice on Eating Fish You Catch", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hudson_River&oldid=990752069#Watershed, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Mahican-language text, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 08:45. [17] Shortly thereafter, the river enters the Hudson Highlands between Putnam and Orange Counties, flowing between mountains such as Storm King Mountain, Breakneck Ridge, and Bear Mountain. In 1777, Washington expected the British would attempt to control the Hudson River, however they instead conquered Philadelphia, and left a smaller force in New York City, with permission to strike the Hudson Valley at any time. This watershed encompasses portions of three physiographic provinces. There is strong biological diversity, including intertidal vegetation like freshwater cattails and saltwater cordgrasses. Currently, the river has about 7,000 acres (28 km2) acres of wetlands, and rising sea levels due to climate change are expected to lead to an expansion of that area. In 1524, Florentine explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano sailed north along the Atlantic seaboard and into New York Harbor,[30] however he left the harbor shortly thereafter, without navigating into the Hudson River. Saw Mill River Coalition. The Hudson Valley Regional Council (HVRC) is the recipient of grant funding to assist with Water Quality Planning in the region through the NYS Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) and the Federal Clean Water Act program. [103], The Hudson River's sediments contain a significant array of pollutants, accumulated over decades from industrial waste discharges, sewage treatment plants, and urban runoff. The Hudson has a relatively short history of erosion, so it does not have a large depositional plain near its mouth. Both crossings were later expanded to accommodate extra traffic: the Lincoln Tunnel in the 1940s and 1950s, and the George Washington Bridge in the 1960s. [67] Another major canal was the Oswego Canal, which connected the Erie Canal to Oswego and Lake Ontario, and could be used to bypass Niagara Falls. The Upper Hudson River Watershed originates in the Adirondack Mountains and flows south to the Hudson River confluence with the Mohawk River at the Troy Dam. [61] The artist Thomas Cole is generally acknowledged as the founder of the Hudson River School,[62] his work first being reviewed in 1825,[63] while painters Frederic Edwin Church and Albert Bierstadt were the most successful painters of the school. [83] In 1996, the North Tarrytown GM Plant closed. Its outflow continues through the Narrows between Brooklyn and Staten Island, under the Verrazzano Bridge, and into Lower New York Bay and the Atlantic Ocean. In Manhattan is Fort Tryon Park with the Cloisters, and the World Trade Center. Around New York Harbor, sediment also flows into the estuary from the ocean when the current is flowing north. Looking for farmland? The nonnative largemouth and smallmouth bass are also popular, and serve as the focus of catch-and-release fishing tournaments.[19]. Fifty years ago, most Hudson Valley residents thought that the river that runs through it was a lost cause. Was it Enough? Further south, the river forms the boundary between Warren and Saratoga Counties. An overview of the monitoring project for the entire state, Groundwater Quality in the Lower Hudson River Basin, New York, 2008, Downloading the entire groundwater dataset, Wappingers Creek Watershed Management Plan, Quassaick Creek Watershed Management Plan, Casperkill Creek Watershed Management Plan, Watervliet Reservoir Watershed Management Plan. The George Washington Bridge, which carries multiple highways, connects Fort Lee, New Jersey to the Washington Heights neighborhood of Upper Manhattan, and is the world's busiest motor vehicle bridge. The efficiency is estimated to be about $75,000 per kilogram with a 2.4 kilogram phosphorus reduction. As the tide rises, the tidal current moves northward, taking enough time that part of the river can be at high tide while another part can be at the bottom of its low tide. [74] On the west side of the Hudson River, the West Shore Railroad opened to run passenger service from Weehawken, New Jersey to Albany, and then Buffalo. [105][106] In response to this contamination, activists protested in various ways. An overview of the monitoring project for the entire state, including links to methods, maps, and publications, can be found on USGS's 305(b) Ambient Groundwater Quality Monitoring webpage. [119], Parkland surrounds much of the Hudson River; prominent parks include Battery Park and Liberty State Park at the river's mouth,[120] Riverside Park in Manhattan,[121] Croton Point Park,[122] Bear Mountain State Park,[123] Storm King State Park and the Hudson Highlands,[124] Moreau Lake State Park,[125] and its source in the High Peaks Wilderness Area.[126]. Fort Orange was founded on the river north of Wiltwyck, and later became known as Albany. The river then enters the heart of the Capital District. The Hudson River Watershed contains three large sub-watersheds which in turn contain many smaller sub-watersheds. [86], In conjunction with conservation efforts, the Hudson River region has seen an economic revitalization, especially in favor of green development. [111], Zooplankton are abundant throughout the fresh and saltwater portions of the river, and provide a crucial food source for larval and juvenile fish. The Natural Resource Mapper is frequently updated with new data sets. Through this funding, HVRC provides education and outreach to local municipalities with respect to water quality planning and stormwater management. CONNECTING LAND TO WATER Protecting local land protects local water. [3], The Hudson River is 315 miles (507 km) long, with depths of 30 feet (9.1 m) for the stretch south of the Federal Dam, dredged to maintain the river as a shipping route. The CCE team collaborated with the Cornell Human Dimensions Research Unit to analyze and communicate results from a riparian landowner survey that was completed in … Politics, government, breaking news, schools, arts & music, local events, calendar & classifieds. [115], The Atlantic tomcod is a unique species that adapted resistance to the toxic effects of the PCBs polluting the river. [41] The Dutch West India Company operated a monopoly on the region for roughly twenty years before other businessmen were allowed to set up their own ventures in the colony. Rivers and Streams: 8,861 miles of freshwater rivers and streams. The former riverbed is clearly delineated beneath the waters of the Atlantic Ocean, extending to the edge of the continental shelf. [127][128], Common native species recreationally fished include striped bass (formerly a major commercial species, now only legally taken by anglers), channel catfish, white catfish, brown bullhead, yellow perch, and white perch. The first project is located in Pound Ridge within the FAD basin in Cross River. It covers much of New York, as well as parts of Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Jersey, and Vermont. 2 = Transmits from Equinox Mountain in Manchester, Vermont. It had previously been observed by Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano sailing for King Francis I of France in 1524, as he became the first European known to have entered the Upper New York Bay, but he considered the river to be an estuary. Shortly thereafter, the river leaves the Adirondack Park, flows under Interstate 87, and through Glens Falls, just south of Lake George although receiving no streamflow from the lake. [14] and a mile longer than "Feldspar Brook", which flows out of that lake in the Adirondack Mountains. Most of this 12,800 square mile basin lies in New York State, with small portions in New Jersey, Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont. The river then flows by Hyde Park, former residence of Franklin D. Roosevelt, and alongside the city of Poughkeepsie, flowing under the Walkway over the Hudson and the Mid-Hudson Bridge. [8][9][10] The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) uses this cartographical definition. The width of the Lower Hudson River required major feats of engineering to cross; the results are today visible in the George Washington Bridge and the 1955 Tappan Zee Bridge (replaced by the New Tappan Zee Bridge) as well as the Lincoln and Holland Tunnels and the PATH and Pennsylvania Railroad tubes. The Lower Hudson Watershed extends from the Battery at the southern end of Manhattan to the Troy Dam at the confluence of the Mohawk River. The North Tarrytown Assembly (later owned by General Motors), on the river in Sleepy Hollow, was a large and notable example. [50] As a result, numerous battles were fought along the river and in nearby waterways. The Hudson River, named for Henry Hudson, has provided transportation of goods from New York City, north to the Hudson Valley, throughout history. [112] Commercial fishing was once prominent in the river, although most were shut down in 1976 due to pollution; few survive today. The river then forms the boundary between Orange and Dutchess Counties. Oscar-nominated actor Elliot Page, the star of “Juno," “Inception” and “The Umbrella Academy,” came out as transgender Tuesday in an announcement greeted as a watershed … He then proceeded upstream as far as present-day Troy before concluding that no such strait existed there. [76] Emblematic of the increase in green development in the region, waterfront parks in cities like Kingston, Poughkeepsie, and Beacon were built, and several festivals are held annually.[88]. all submissions and recommended awarding Hudson Valley Engineering Associates, P.C. [45][46] The plan allowed the colonies to treaty with the Iroquois and provided a framework for the Continental Congress. [85] Other conservation efforts also occurred, such as when Christopher Swain became the first person to swim all 315 miles of the Hudson River in support of cleaning it up. [10], Afterward, leaving the Hudson Highlands, the river enters Haverstraw Bay, the widest point of the river at 3.5 miles (5.6 km) wide. The Hudson was also the eastern outlet for the Erie Canal, which, when completed in 1825, became an important transportation artery for the early-19th-century United States. It has one of the largest concentrations of freshwater wetlands in the Northeast. Memoirs of a Forgotten Man. [19], Marine life is known to exist in the estuary, with seals, crabs, and some whales reported. Hundreds of factories were built around the Hudson, in towns including Poughkeepise, Newburgh, Kingston, and Hudson. [67], During the Industrial Revolution, the Hudson River became a major location for production, especially around Albany and Troy. [37], John Cabot is credited for the Old World's discovery of continental North America, with his journey in 1497 along the continent's coast. Watershed detectives | Hudson Valley One News and culture in the Hudson Valley. About Us. In 1993, IBM closed two of its plants in East Fishkill and Kingston due to IBM losing $16 billion over the previous three years.

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