The XRD and FTIR data indicate bricks used were fired at a very high temperature which destroyed the crystalline structure of clays. Yield per hectare raises from 23/24 quintals per hectare to 29/30 quintal per hectare due to uses of certified jute seeds, line sowing and retting by CRIJAF SONA. At Chuadanga the highest cane yield of 112.54 t ha-1 was obtained in Isd 37 which is statistically similar with Isd 39 and Isd 40 and the lowest yield was obtained in Isd 34. IJSG.2009. Retting time must be carefully judged;â¦ Find items in libraries near you. â¢ Total methane generation from jute production is estimated to be 18.8x1010 g/year. of Planning Bangladesh. Although, Turkey is gene center for wheat and rye, it is understood that, the required importance is not given to gene transfer from rye. Basic methods include dew retting and water retting. Water-hyacinth, water weeds, stems of banana plants, mango logs, earth chunks, bamboo etc. subtilis, three strains ofB. Retting is a biological process by which the bast fibres are extracted by decomposing the plants by the combined action of water and aquatic microorganisms, mostly bacteria. Jute retting, water shortage, environment, ribbon retting, and quality fiber. In many countries, jute agriculture has been mechanized according to the conditions of the countries, but this is not the case for Turkey and mainly due to this reason Turkey is the second jute importer country in the world after US. In conventional retting, a huge biomass undergoes decomposition in stagnant water, so retting causes environmental pollution. Özellikle ekim ve hasat dönemlerinde yoğun bir işgücüne ihtiyaç duyulmasının, Türkiye'de jüt ekim ve hasat makinasının olmaması jüt tarımının gelişimi için önemli bir dezavantaj olduğu söylenebilir. jute and mesta plants start to die and this is the initiation of retting process. Harvested Jute plants are made into bundles weighing about 10 kg each and then steeped under water of ponds, ditches, canals, lakes, rivers etc. Upazila agricultural, flowing water in canals, tanks, ponds or, bundles are kept under water in 2-3 layers. Asaduzzaman , Firoza Akhter and Zakaria Ahmed : Abstract: Isolated fungi of Aspergillus clavatus, Rhizopus sp., Zygorinchous sp., Sporotrichum sp., Trichoderma sp., Penicillium sp. 1997-2007, Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division, Ministry Low cost retting of jute/kenaf/mesta for quality Agric Eng Int: CIGR Journal, 17(2):2, were 1.91 Mt and 1.45 Mt, which are 55.23% and 41.9. action of water and aquatic microorganisms, like bacteria. Enzymativ all volumes and issues. Retting of Green Jute Ribbons (Corchorus capsularis var. technique across in Bangladesh. up-gradation, JCI and BJRI, CFC. Postharvest challenges were measured in, The study was conducted to document farmers’ livelihood aspects and agribusiness potentials in wetland areas of Bangladesh. 2015 AgricEngInt: CIGR Journal Open access at http://www. Türkiye'deki jüt üretimi, bazı nedenlerden dolayı sadece araştırma ve geliştirme amaçlı, sınırlı bir alanda yapılabilmektedir. It is obtained from the bark of plant through microbial retting process. Five varieties of mustard (Improved Tori-7, BARI Sarisha-6, BARI Sarasha-9, BARI Sarisha-11 and. The fibres are first extracted by retting. Distribution and activity of microbial population for jute retting and their impact on the water quality of jute growing areas of Bangladesh was also surveyed. Depending on samples, fibre strengths Stelometer are equal to or considerably greater than dew retted âcottonized flax or typical cotton fibres. The population of pectinolytic, xylanolytic, cellulolytic and ligninolytic bacterial cfu (colony forming unit) increased by 1.5 times in post-retting water as compared with pre-retting water, because these specific bacterial population were involved in the degradation of pectin, xylan, cellulose and lignin during retting of jute. rGyá³çúACA§þÒA¦8ÓâÓÿô8´h= CÂo40âÂH õÿH âÐðh4âøñRææ £71Qs£ Ìü0H¹âs£ ¢ç77ÌF/.v|SÑsÁ"ç70m¼¹¿åÍ£\ÜÌ7¥.o¯J*\ÜÁ´bòææ*.ta¹|ö/Nâé:MÓÓÿ¤Þté6/Jôý=?ÿ¤Ø`éÒnnÅéÒ|_oIÅëéÅô ô¿±ztIÒnòãÓý. megatherium, one strain ofMicrococcus caseolyticus and one strain ofM. However, the quality of retting water is of great concern because of the scarcity of available water bodies for retting. Jute is a rain-fed crop and its cultivation is concentrated in Bangladesh, India, China, and Thailand. A detail study of traditional storage system along with hermetic storage technology for determining culturally suitable storage technology for small holding farmers in Bangladesh. Instead of jutes capacity to be an alternative in terms of fiber content and biomass and exsistance of two domestic lines at registration stage, there is no domestic production due to the problems caused by mechanization in particular. Three strains ofBacillus macerans, four strains ofB. A mixed bacterial retting culture was inoculated during ribbon retting of jute, and most of the defects arising from conventional retting could be overcome by ribbon retting (Banik et al. Thus, post-retting water can be judiciously used as a potent source of primary, secondary and micronutrients for succeeding crops besides having higher BOD and COD as a result of higher microbial growth related to jute retting. So this is also threatening to freshwater ecosystems. i. The â¦ The fibre is extracted from the plant by the retting process. BBS.2008. Favorable farm environment and proper utilization of agricultural resources were major strength and opportunity. But use of efficient pectinolytic microbial inoculum improves quality of fibre, further reduce the time of retting and the environmental pollution. The pectins are divided into three groups: (a) â¦ Anahtar Kelimeler: Buğday, çavdar, kromozom parçacığı aktarılması, buğday ıslahı. During this process, some microorganisms decompose pectins of jute barkandthe intervening tissues disinte-grate. Attempts were made to utilize the promising microorganims in the practical field for reducing retting period and improvement of fibre quality, but only limited success was achieved. This study was conducted over two years at Bogra and Joypurhat district to find out the postharvest challenges in potato cultivation faced by the farmers. Itâs easily and widely popularized due â¦ Analysis of organic additives (plant additives) with the help of SEM was performed. Jute—an important cash crop of eastern India is traditionally grown for extraction of fibre by a natural microbial process known as retting. Turkey produces jute in a limited area basicly for research and development purposes. Husain, F. 2011. The microbial mechanism of retting and the microbes of the retting water of different places were studied in respect of their morphological and physiological characters and retting capabilities. The classification accuracy for SVM, LDA and SIMCA were 100%, 93%, and 87% respectively. Firstly, the fresh and spoiled fish classification models were developed using UV-VIS spectral properties of eye fluid by support vector machine (SVM), linear discriminant analysis (LDA) based on principal component analysis (PCA) scores and soft independent modeling of class analogy (SIMCA) classification technique. So, ribbon retting is a great promise to produce high quality jute fibre in one hand and a more eco-friendly measure on the other. The calcium silicate/ calcium aluminate hydrate formed at the brick-lime junction improved the mechanical strength of the stepwell plaster. Most of the defects arising from conventional retting could be overcome by ribbon retting. Quality of jute fibre is found to be better than normal retting ii. In this study, the ability to predict fish freshness from ultraviolet-visible (UV-VIS) absorbance spectral properties of eye fluid in the range of 250-600 nm using multivariate analysis methods was investigated. To date though, most freshness evaluation methods are complicated and time-consuming. The modern manufacturing industry is facing a great number of challenges to establish green sustainability to lessen the threats formed by decadent civilization gradually for years, is the issue itself to solve with proposed solutions from all over the world can invite further unrecognized problems which may leave the situation unbearable. It is biodegradable, absorbs CO2 and releases O2 and N2 in the atmosphere. 1997-2007, Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division, Ministry Consequently, the pozzolanic activity was substantially lost due to the reduction of surface area and the formation of high-temperature minerals such as mullite and crys-toballite. The quality of the final model was evaluated according to the determination coefficient of prediction (R2pred) and root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) in the prediction set. Due to the shortage of water during. (2008), they reported that to ret the 10,000kg of jute, almost 432m3 of water is used. Therefore, these three sugarcane varieties can be cultivated in this area with recommended management practices for acquiring higher yield and economic benefit. This also reduces environmental pollution to a great extent. Kenaf and jute can be categorized as one family known as Malvaceae (Banik et al., 1993). Since jute retting is a microbiological process, in the past researches more attention was given in its microbiological aspects. jute is popularly called the "golden fiber" of Pakistan. Jute is a an important economic material in Turkey. Banglavision Research Journal, Keywords: Jute retting, fibre, accelerated retting, quality fibre, microbial retting Jute, also known as Golden fiber, is an internationally traded major commodity originating primarily from two developing countries-Bangladesh and India. FAO.1998. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. It can be said that the need for intensive labor force especially during sowing and harvesting periods and lack of suitable sowing and harvesting machinery in Turkey are important disadvantage for the development of jute cultivation in Turkey. Especially product management of the plant, Taxonomy and botanical status as well as activities such as tillage, sowing, irrigation, fertilization, pest management, harvesting, fiber peeling (fiber stripping), product usage, biomass and economic importance was examined. Therefore, their water retting process is the same. According to Mondal et al. The results showed that a regression model developed from PLS regression and based on MSC preprocessed spectra resulted in the best performance compared with those models developed from other preprocessing methods, with an R2pred and RMSEP of 0.81 and 7.74% respectively. In the present research, lime plasters used in 12th century stepwell at Delhi have been studied for the composition of raw materials, microstructural, mineralogical and hydraulic properties of brick-lime junction through optical microscopy, XRD, FTIR, XRF, thin section analysis, and thermal analysis. Efficiency of fungus on retting of green ribbon and dry ribbon of jute was also examined. Compared to models developed by PLS, the results showed that the regression model developed by iPLS based on MSC preprocessed spectra gave the best performance model with a determination coefficient of prediction (R2pred) of 0.96, and a root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) of 5.12 %. Two hundred and forty model specimens of Japanese dace (Tribolodon hakonensis) fish were killed and stored at 20oC and 90% relative humidity for subsequent spectra acquisition and K value measurement of fish flesh by a paper electrophoresis technique. Title: Jute Retting: An Overview Author: Zakaria Ahmed and Firoza Akhter Subject: Journal of Biological Sciences Keywords: Jute, retting, bacteria, fungi There are genes that increase soil and subsoil biomass that provide tolerance to diseases and pests, tolerance to cold and drought also in rye for wheat breeding. Micrococcus s p p . Shamsul Haque , Md. As jute made products are getting popular worldwide, steps are to be taken to comply with the demand of customers and conservationists. luteus were isolated and their action on jute stems studied. Here the most common practice of retting is to immerse the jute bundles in lakes, rivers, canals, tanks ,ponds or ditches in 2-3 layers for about 15-20 days to be extracted manually. on the environmental quality of water: a case study, Critical review on microbial perspective of jute retting, Transfer of Rye Chromosome Particles to Wheat (Translocations), Prediction of fish freshness using UV-visible spectroscopy of eye fluid, Full Length Research Paper Advances in Jute and allied fibres post-harvest processing technologies in Bangladesh: Adoption constraints, prospect and future thrust, Ribbon retting of jute - A prospective and eco-friendly method for improvement of fibre quality, Jute - Microbiological and Biochemical Research, Assessment of Different Paddy Storage Technologies at Farm Households in Bangladesh, Nondestructive Approach to Evaluate Defects in Elements of Agricultural Machinery, Eco-friendly Status of Domestic Refrigerators Available in Bangladesh, USAID Post-harvest Loss Reduction Innovation Lab (PHLIL) Project, funded by USAID-USA and ADM Institute for the Prevention of Post Harvest Loss, University of Illinois, USA, POSTHARVEST CHALLENGES IN POTATO PRODUCTION AT BOGRA AND JOYPURHAT DISTRICT OF BANGLADESH, Wetland Agribusiness Aspects and Potential in Bangladesh. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (923K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. In order to compare the challenges faced by the farmers, challenge facing index was computed for each aspects. ÂO1ÏxFåA Retting microbes consume the non-fibrous cementing materials mainly pectin and hemicellulose. Scarcity of jute retting water in some areas of Bangladesh is one of the major issues. The contribution of the jute sector to the economy of Bangladesh is enormous. This resulted in very partial hydraulicity of plaster at the lime-brick junction. Dew Jute is vital to the economies of India and Bangladesh. However, during jute cultivation, jute plants are soaked in water for several days (a process called retting) in order to separate the fibres. Usually mature stems of harvested jute plants are allowed to ret in pond or ditch water. [C G Jarman] Home. Attempt was made to determine the effect of nature of the harvested jute plants on the production of cuttings and improvement of their fibre quality, and the impact of stem-water ratio and retting of its top and basal parts separately on the quality of fibre. But at Jessore the maximum yield of 110.19 t ha-1 was recorded from Isd 39 followed by Isd 37 (99.22 t ha-1) and the minimum from Isd 36. Traditional processes are outdated which should be modified according to the technological advancement. fish cultivation, bad quality fiber, and time consuming etc. ii) Retting of green ribbons with microbial consortium. Introducing new and improved jute retting Bitkinin özellikle ürün yönetimi; toprak işleme, ekim, sulama, gübreleme, zirai mücadele, bakım, hasat, elyafın saptan soyulması (lif sıyırma), değerlendirme, biyokütle ve ekonomik önemi gibi faaliyetlerin yanı sıra taksonomisi ve botanik durumu da irdelenmiştir. hand in the production year of 2008-2009 it was only 1%. But this industry's present and future prosperity and growth are vulnerable. Therefore, the dissertation shows that the use of UV-VIS spectroscopy combined with appropriate multivariate analysis has the potential to accurately predict fish freshness. Anahtar Kelimeler: Jüt tarımı ve sorunları, mekanizasyon, Türkiye. Rapid and simple measurement of freshness is essential for the monitoring of fish and the quality of its products. Mechano-microbial Retting Mechano-microbial retting of jute involves two distinct operations viz. Similarly, the newly released varieties Isd 37, Isd 39 and Isd 40 gave higher economic return compared to old variety Isd 16 in High Ganges River Floodplain of Bangladesh. The retting of jute. local) were tested. A total of 120 farmers and 24 service providers were interviewed for data collection. Production of quality jute fibre primarily depends on the retting process of jute. It is a practice to stack mesta stalks vertically in the fields after harvesting until farmer fetches sufficient water and time for fibre extraction. So, it may be concluded that BARI Sarisha-11 may be recommended for cultivation in the hill valley areas of Bangladesh. Retting is a process employing the action of micro-organisms and moisture on plants to dissolve or rot away much of the cellular tissues and pectins surrounding bast-fibre bundles, and so facilitating separation of the fibre from the stem. retting period of jute, all crops cannot be stacked at a time. and Curvularia sp. Mevcut araştırmalar doğrultusunda ülkemizdeki buğday ıslah programlarında bu konuya gereken önemin verilmesi amacıyla bu güne dek dünya genelinde kromozom parçacıklarının aktarılması konusunda yapılan çalışmalar özetlenmiştir. Türkiye'de ekonomik anlamda jüt çok büyük yer tutmaktadır. terms of severity. In the direction of the current researches, studies on transferring chromosome particles around the world have been summarized so far in order to give the necessary subject to this issue in the wheat breeding programs in our country. As a result of the translocations which are formed in this way and which mean the reciprocal displacement of two different chromosomal fragments, grain yield increase was observed in the obtained genotypes. Utilization and suitability of retting effluents as a fertilizer in vegetable crops production were also determined. Total 120 respondents from Bogra and Joypurhat district were randomly selected for interview. After the retting process, stripping begins. After collection of data from the farmers, all data. The contribution of this study is to examine the relative growth and advancement of Bangladesh's jute production and that of other significant jute producing countries to take advantage of the rising jute demand in the global market. Comparison between two retting processes at the study area in different production years, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Anisur Rahman, All content in this area was uploaded by Anisur Rahman on Jul 06, 2015, Jute retting process: present practice and problems in, status of present jute retting process as well as mentioned th. Among the challenges, low market price, lack of marketing facilities and lack of processing facilities were ranked 1 st , 2 nd and 3 rd , respectively during the period of 2010-11. â¢ Conventional retting practice emits a little bit more nutrients, biogas and residues to the air and water compared to ribbon retting. Bu şekilde oluşturulan ve farklı iki kromozom parçasının karşılıklı olarak yer değiştirmesi anlamına gelen translokasyonlar sonucunda elde edilen genotiplerde tane verimi artışı gözlenmiştir. process: present practice and problems in Bangladesh. Scarcit. Retting Environment â¢ Jute assimilates about 5.8 ton CO2 from the atmosphere in its lifetime (Rahman and Bala, 2009). All rights reserved. The water, penetrating to the central stalk portion, swells the inner cells, bursting the outermost layer, thus increasing absorption of both moisture and decay-producing bacteria. Enzymatic retting of jute ribbons. Most of the farmers were small farmers having less than 1.0 ha of cultivable land. In about 15-20, Rahman, 2013).The traditional retting has been used for a, Ribbon retting is a particular method of retting based, ribbon retting method was used almost 7.5%, on the other. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat. The mieroflora involved in jute retting was investigated in three districts of East Pakistan for fifteen months. A total of 451 bacterial colonies have been isolate â¦ Present conditions Full text Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. The jute fibre comes from the stem and ribbon (outer skin) of the jute plant. The differences in productivity of crop farming and poultry rearing between wetland area and main land, A field experiment was conducted in farmer's field of two locations under High Ganges River Floodplain (AEZ-11) of Bangladesh during 2013-2014 cropping season for evaluating the comparative suitability regarding yield and economic performances of six newly released sugarcane varieties viz, Isd 34, Isd 36, Isd 37, Isd 38, Isd 39 and Isd 40 with the old popular variety Isd 16. BBS.2008. The role of microorganisms obtained from jute (Corchorus spp.) Around 4million farmers in Bangladesh are involved, were investigated the present status of jute retting process, farmers to know the condition of jute cultivation and, collecting data from the jute growers. Early harvesting gives finer fibre of good quality and late harvesting gives larger yield of coarser fibre. Moreover, requirement of water for ribbon retting is almost half in comparison to conventional whole plant retting under normal condition. Harvesting, Retting and Extraction of Jute: Harvesting: Jute may be harvested at any time between 120 and 150 days after seeding. Retting time reduced from 18-22 days to 12-14 days with about 10% higher fibre recovery. Birçok bitkiye, lif içeriği ve biyokütle bakımından alternatif ya da münavebe bitkisi olabilecek; yerli, tescil adayı iki hat olmasına rağmen özellikle mekanizasyon kaynaklı problemlerden dolayı üretimi yapılamamaktadır. Retting is a preferential rotting process to separate the fibre from woody stem without damaging the fibre cellulose. Compromise between quality and quantity is in harvesting at early pod stage or around 135 days after seeding. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy; Applied and Environmental Microbiology; Clinical Microbiology Reviews; Clinical and Vaccine Immunology; EcoSal Plus Every year Bangladesh earns an amount of foreign currency by exporting jute and jute products in different countries all over the world. To overcome these existing challenges of potato growers, it is necessary to adopt improved technology and giving financial support in potato cultivation. Jute Agriculture and Mechanization Abstract In this study, it was aimed to determine the problems in terms of agriculture and mechanization of Jute (Corchorus olitorius L.), which contains 26% fiber, 60% stalkand 14% leaf content. In Bangladesh, Jute is a vital sector from economical, agricultural, industrial, and commercial perspectives. Retting is the process of extracting fiber from the long lasting life stem or bast of the plants. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References. It is obtained from the bark of plant through microbial retting process. Both over retting and under retting which are very difficult to control causes production of low grade jute fibre. Statistics of International Jute Study Group. The post-retting water samples recorded lower pH (6.22 to 7.08) and higher EC (electrical conductivity) (0.509 to 0.850 ds/m) compared with pre-retting water samples (pH 6.63 to 7.44; EC 0.197 to 0.330 ds/m) collected from all the four districts under study. z Bu çalışmada, içeriğinde %26 lif, %60 sap ve %14 yaprak bulunan, Jütün (Corchorus olitorius L.) tarımı ve mekanizasyonu açısından problemlerin tespiti amaçlanmıştır. Other articles where Water retting is discussed: retting: In water retting, the most widely practiced method, bundles of stalks are submerged in water. Referring to the recent advancements made in isolating completed/partial genes controlling desirable traits, it is suggested to use the modern molecular technology not only to improve the quality of jute fibres but also bioengineer microbial flora to further reduce the retting time without sacrificing fibre qualities. A study conducted on physico-chemical and microbiological changes in retting water (pre- and post-retting) from four intensively jute-growing districts namely Nadia, North 24 Parganas, Hooghly and South Dinajpur of West Bengal, India, during jute retting. A 95% confidence student’s t-test showed that there were no significant differences between the actual K value measured by paper electrophoresis technique and that predicted by UV-VIS spectroscopy. In our study, a mixed bacterial retting culture, developed in our institute, was inoculated during ribbon retting of jute. These models were evaluated in terms of their sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. In conventional retting, a huge biomass undergoes decomposition in stagnant water, so retting causes environmental pollution. Here we report optimized microbial retting protocol that can lower retting period and produce high fibre quality. In addition, the specificity result was 100% in SVM, while it was 90% for the LDA and SIMCA models for fresh group fish, and 100% and 80% in the LDA and SIMCA models for spoiled group fish respectively. Jute fibre is the second most important fibre next to cotton. In Bangladesh two kinds of Jute (namely; White Jute (Corchorus capsularis L.) and Tossa jute (Corchorus olitorius L.) are mainly grown for commercial purposes. Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics of Bangladesh For freshwater fish cultivation, the growth of microorganisms like bacteria and fungi at green jute in the water is not suitable and reasonably farmers are now facing restriction on jute retting in stagnant water. Jute retting process is one of the important responsible factors for quality of jute fiber. The plant from 8 to 12 feet high are cut at or close the ground level which is then subjected to retting process; retting is a favorable rotting process in which the bundles of jute stalks are submerged in water source by which fibers get loosened to separate from bast(worldjute.com). Search. Abstract It is used in the production of fibre from plant materials such as flax and hemp stalks and coir from coconut husks. Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics of Bangladesh. The ribbon retted jute fibres are absolutely free from bark and were of higher grade. The quality of the ribbon retted fibers is shown in Fi, water bodies. An index like K value is generally used to quantify chemical changes in the fish flesh; it requires elaborate sample preparation and only provides discrete measurement points. The same variety also gave the highest number of siliqua plant-1 , higher seed size and the highest yield. On the other hand, the opaqueness of fish eyes has a broad relationship to freshness and thus has the potential to monitor the spoilage of fresh fish. Moreover, the fibre filaments were stronger, improved coloured and finer textured compared to conventional stem retted jute fibres. Agricultural Engineering International : The CIGR e-journal, A proposal of sustainable and integrated plant for jute fiber extraction in an eco-friendly manner, Jute and Jute Products of Bangladesh: Contributions and Challenges, Characterization of 12th-century brick-lime stepwell plasters from New Delhi, India, Impact of conventional retting of jute (Corchorus spp.) In fact in the context of present situation in which a severe competition between Jute and synthetic fibres is going on in respect of fineness, strength and price, the future of Jute fibre is very greatly depending on its quality. 31, Katalyst. Buğday ıslahında, hastalıklara ve zararlılara dayanıklılık, soğuğa ve kuraklığa tolerans sağlayan, bitkinin toprak üstü ve toprak altı biyokütlesini arttıran genler çavdarda bulunmaktadır. Present conditions of jute sector in Bangladesh. Data about traditional jute retting process and ribbon retting process were collected through personal interview of jute growers. Scarcity of jute retting water in some areas of Bangladesh is one of the major issues. Different kinds of jute products are made in Bangladesh and the products are environmentally friendly as well. 31, Katalyst. The jute fibre strands are manually extracted and separated from the stick or wood as soon as the process is completed ( Ghosh, 1983 ). Among all these laid out in a Randomized Complete Block (RCB) design with three replications. ASM. chemical, water, microbes and microbe-chemical retting. CVL-1) with Fungal CultureMd. Ribbon retting reduces time of normal retting â¦ Retting of jute involves microbial actions that disintegrate the thinâwalled cells of the bark, freeing the thickâwalled secondary phloem tissues.
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