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cross cultural adaptation theory kim

She was born and raised in Seoul, Korea, and received her B.A. All Rights Reserved. *Adaptation as a Communication-Based Phenomenon**A person begins to adapt only as they communicate with others in their new environment. Locke, D (1998). In addition to studying groups of immigrants, Young Yun Kim researched groups of students studying abroad in the United States, as well as international students in Japan, Korean expatriates in the United States and American expatriates in South Korea. In S. W. Littlejohn & K. A. Foss (Eds. Kim's research applies to individuals that enter a new culture for varying lengths of time, and to include migrant workers, diplomats, and ex-patriots alike (Kim, 1988, 2001, 2005). Kim, Young Y. degree from Seoul National University. We have a chapter by her in the Martin, Nakayama, & Flores reader, as well as a reading on … Kim, Y Y 2001, Becoming intercultural: an integrative theory of communication and cross-cultural adaptation, SAGE Publications, Inc., Thousand Oaks, CA, viewed 1 December 2020, doi: 10.4135/9781452233253. The individual must learn to adapt and grow into the new environment, as they are often faced with situations that challenge their cultural norms and worldview. INTRODUCTION OF THEORY• DESCRIBES THE PROCESS OF CROSS- CULTURAL ADAPTATION AS IT UNFOLDS OVER TIME • EXPLAINS THE STRUCTURE OF THIS PROCESS • IT IS BASED ON THREE ASSUMPTIONS (“OPEN-SYSTEMS”) 1. Traditional individuals hold on to a majority of cultural traits from the culture of origin and reject many traits of the dominant culture. It tested the Young Yun Kim’s structure model, which contains six dimensions of determining aspects on international students’ cross-cultural adaptation process. Abstract. [Their are a lot of book titles named ... systems: theory and applications . The internal conflict that arises results in a state of disequilibrium of emotional “lows” of uncertainty confusion, and anxiety (Gudykunst 2005).People handle this change in various ways, to include avoidance, denial, and withdrawal, as well as regression into pre-existing habits in order to eliminate discomfort in the new environment. Prof. Kim is a Fellow of the International Communication Association and the International Academy for Intercultural Research. Toward an interactive theory of communication-acculturation. Kim, Young Yun. Becoming Intercultural: An Integrative Theory of Communication and Cross-Cultural Adaptation. This is the process known as acculturation as described by Shibutani and Kwan in 1965. at the University of Hawaii in 1972 in speech communication at the University of Hawaii. Others develop new habits and begin the process of adaptation, allowing them to become better suited to their environment. Kim, Young Yun (2005). Assimilation can be defined as the process by which a person takes material into their mind from the environment, which may mean changing the evidence of their senses to make it fit, whereas accommodation is the difference made to one's mind or concepts by the process of assimilation (Atherton 1969). The model further identifies a subtle, gradual, and largely unconscious change in one's identity from a monocultural to an increasingly intercultural identity, an evolution of self-other orientation beyond conventional categories toward a more individuated and universalized one. It was proposed by Icek Ajzen (last name sometimes spelled Aizen ) as an extension of the theory of reasoned action. Becoming Intercultural: An Integrative Theory of Communication and Cross-Cultural Adaptation (Current Communication: An Advanced Text) eBook: Kim, Young Yun: Kindle Store Through repeated stress experiences of environmental challenges and adaptive responses to such challenges in the form of new cultural learning, strangers attain an increased functional fitness, a level of effective working relationship with the host environment. Becoming Intercultural: An Integrative Theory of Communication and Cross-Cultural Adaptation (Current Communication: An Advanced Text) *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. It is one of the most… …   Wikipedia, Problematic integration theory — Introduction = The theory of Problematic Integration is situated at the intersection of communication and one’s environment. This portion of Kim’s theory focuses on the stress that inevitably accompanies a cross-cultural move, as the individual strives to retain aspects of their old culture while also attempting to integrate into the new one. He states that members of culturally diverse groups can be placed into several categories. The theory focuses on the unitary nature of psychological and social processes and the reciprocal functional personal environment interdependence (Kim, 2005). *Adaptation as a Natural and Universal Phenomenon**The theory of integrative communication rests on the human instinct to struggle for equilibrium when met with adversarial environmental conditions as experienced in a new culture. Follow us on TwitterLike us on FacebookConnect with us on LinkedIn, NAFSA: Association of International Educators, Copyright 1998-2020. Kim's theory argues that out of this transformation emerges an ‘‘intercultural identity,’’ that is less rigidly bound by group identities. and (2) Why does the rate or speed of the cross-cultural adaptation process vary across individual cases? | Site by Unleashed Technologies, Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Accessibility. Reflecting multidisciplinary and multisocietal approaches, this collection presents 14 theoretical or research-based essays dealing with cross-cultural adaptation of individuals who are born and raised in one culture and find themselves in need of modifying their customary life patterns in a foreign culture. Underpinning the cross-cultural adaptation process are the two interrelated experiences of deculturation of some of the original cultural habits, on the one hand, and acculturation of new ones, on the other. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc. doi: 10.4135/9781412959384.n91. In B. Ruben (Ed. Journal of Communication, Vol. and Guillemin et al. The concept, cross-cultural adaptation, refers to a process in and through which an individual achieves an increasing level of psychological and functional fitness with respect to the receiving environment. HUMANS HAVE AN INHERENT DRIVE TO ADAPT AND GROW 2. Cultural Assimilation. As the individual acquires some of the characteristics of the host culture, he or she may lose some of the characteristics … This book presents an integrative theory of cross-cultural adaptation that places particular importance on communication. The cumulative outcome of the acculturation and deculturation experiences is an internal transformation in the direction of assimilation into the mainstream culture. Together, these dimensions of factors account for the fact that every incidence of cross-cultural adaptation takes place at its own pace. Assimilation is an ongoing process and is not usually fully attained, regardless of the amount of time spent in the new culture. The theory highlights the centrality of an individual's communication activities in the process of becoming more functionally fit in a new cultural environment. This experience is not limited to any one region, cultural group, or nation, but is a universal concept of the basic human tendencies that accompany the struggle on each individual when they are faced with a new and challenging environment (Kim, 2005). ), Communication Yearbook 3, 435-453. The first outline of her theory was found in an article titled, "Toward an Interactive Theory of Communication - Acculturation" (Kim, 1979), leading to a complete rendition of the theory in "Communication and Cross-Cultural Adaptation: An Integrative Theory" (Kim, 1988), which was further refined and updated with "Becoming Intercultural: An Integrative Theory of Communication and Cross-Cultural Adaptation" (Kim, 2001). Kim states that the ultimate theoretical directionality of adaptive change is toward assimilation, a state of the maximum possible convergence of strangers' internal and external conditions to those of the natives. Participation in the interpersonal and mass communication activities of the host society is crucial. The theory suggests that humans are affected on a myriad of levels according to their interpretations of what is likely,… …   Wikipedia, Self-categorization theory — Self categorization theory, sometimes referred to as the social identity theory of the group, seeks to explain the assumptions that need to be made about psychological group formation in order to understand social categorization studies on… …   Wikipedia, Corporate communication — is the message issued by a corporate organization, body, or institute to its publics. In this theory, cross-cultural adaptation is conceived as a process of dynamic unfolding of the natural human tendency to struggle for an internal equilibrium in the face of often adversarial environmental conditions. Built on the premise that an individual’s ability to communicate in accordance to the norms and practices of the local culture lies at the very heart of successful adaptation, Prof. Kim describes cross-cultural adaptation as a process of dynamic unfolding of the natural human tendency to struggle for an internal equilibrium in the face of often adversarial environmental conditions. This study aims to extend Kim’s (1988, 2001) model of cross-cultural adaptation and Jin’s (1992; Jin & Cortazzi, 1993) cultural synergy model by providing qualitative data to demonstrate that the intercultural adaptation process is not simply one way, but essentially a two-way process. Retrieved April 29, 2008, from Becoming Intercultural: An Integrative Theory of Communication and Cross-Cultural Adaptation (Current Communication: An Advanced Text) [Kim, Young Yun] on 55, No. ), Encyclopedia of communication theory (Vol. Newcomers learn to make adjustments in their original cultural habits and are able to attain a level of efficacy in the new environment. (2001) Becoming Intercultural. The concept, cross-cultural adaptation, refers to a process in and through which an individual achieves an increasing level of psychological and functional fitness with respect to the receiving environment. Prof. Kim taught at Governors State University in Illinois until 1988, before moving to the University of Oklahoma where she has helped to develop a nationally ranked Intercultural Communication program. Multiple forces are "Cross-Cultural Adaptation Theory." Having an open mind helps to alleviate some of the culture shock that is associated with assimilation into the new environment. ‪Professor of Communication, University of Oklahoma‬ - ‪Cited by 17,216‬ - ‪Intercultural Communication‬ - ‪Cross-Cultural Adaptation‬ - ‪Interethnic Communication‬ According to Miller s… …   Wikipedia, List of types of systems theory — This list of types of systems theory gives an overview of different types of systems theory, which are mentioned in scientific book titles or articles. Program stresses the ongoing nature and unique pace of the process of adaptive change. AUTHORS: Blake Hendrickson, Devan Rosen This higher education concept is distinct from the elementary and high school integrated curriculum movement. The fact that humans will adapt in a new environment was not questioned, but rather how and why individuals adapt. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on Sunday, December 20, 2015 Meanwhile, the findings reaffirm the effectiveness of structural model of Kim's cross-cultural adaptation that can be used for measuring international students in non-western contexts and extend the theoretical and empirical work of Kim (1988, 2001) by developing a revised scale for measuring international students' cross-cultural adaptation in China. Program activities are designed to take into account individuals’ varying levels of functional fitness. This is called a Stress-Adaptation-Growth model (Kim, 2001). (1988). Adapting to a New Culture. Communication and Cross-Cultural Adaptation: An Integrative Theory. London: Sage. Once this occurs, a period of growth often accompanies. Kim has developed an integrative communication theory of cross-cultural adaptation which conceives adaptation as a dialectic process of the “stress-adaptation-growth” dynamic that gradually leads to greater functional fitness and psychological health with regards to the host environment (Kim 2005). Host interpersonal communication helps strangers to secrure vital information and insight into the mind-sets and behaviors of the local people, thereby providing strangers a reference point for their own behaviors (Gudykunst 2005), while host mass communication relies on integrating the individual into the host society via media, radio, television, etc...and serves as an important source of cultural and language learning without relying heavily on individual participation and exposure (Kim, 2005). According to Kim, as new learning occurs, deculturation or unlearning of some of the old cultural elements has to occur, at least in the sense that new responses are adopted in situations that previously would have evoked old ones. Make new friends by inviting people out. ADAPTATION TO ONE’S SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT OCCURS THROUGH COMMUNICATION 3. Out of this dynamic interface arise the fluctuating experiences of stress, adaptation, and growth that, over time, bring about the intercultural evolution of the individual. The theory of acculturation has been adapted to include contemporary concepts of culture and cultural adaptation that maintain a level of individual ethnicity far beyond the … The theory has gone through multiple iterations since that time, and has been updated most recently in 2005.1 In essence …   Wikipedia, Systems theory — is an interdisciplinary field of science and the study of the nature of complex systems in nature, society, and science. (2008). Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters. Atherton J.S. In the initial phase of integration, ethnic communities serve to allow strangers to receive some of the comforts of their previous culture, and serve to facilitate adaptation. Such commonly shared adaptation experiences are the focus of this cross-cultural adaptation theory. Sage, Thousand Oaks. (2007). She completed her M.A. 3, November 2007, pp. Contents 1 The… …   Wikipedia, Theory of planned behavior — In psychology, the theory of planned behavior is a theory about the link between attitudes and behavior. Bicultural individuals are able to function as competently in the dominant culture as their own while holding on to manifestations of their own culture. Some cultures make it easier to assimilate than others, and the host environment has a direct impact on the nature of an individual's integration. A third type of individual will acculturate and give up most cultural traits of the culture of origin and traits of the dominant culture. According to Don C. Locke, one major difference among members of various cultural groups within America is the degree to which they have immersed themselves into the culture of the United States. Journal of Intercultural Communication Research, Vol. Kim, Young Yun (2005). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. relevant data at an individual-level, and proposes a new bridging construct in the following. As the individual acquires some of the characteristics of the host culture, he or she may lose some of the characteristics of their original culture, such as language, customs, and rigid original cultural identity (

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